Common Problems We Treat
The human brain is a complex organ that allows us to think, move, feel, see, hear, taste, and smell. It controls our body, receives information, analyzes information, and stores information (our memories). Your brain is your most powerful organ, yet it weighs only about three pounds and has a texture similar to firm jelly.
The brain has three main parts:
- cerebrum – fills up most of your skull and is involved in remembering, problem solving, thinking, feeling, and control of movement
- cerebellum – sits at the back of your head, under the cerebrum, and controls coordination and balance
brain stem – positioned beneath your cerebrum and in front of your
- cerebellum, it connects the brain to the spinal cord and controls automatic functions such as breathing, digestion, heart rate and blood pressure
Your brain is nourished by one of your body's richest networks of blood vessels. With each heartbeat, arteries carry about 20 to 25 percent of your blood to your brain. An adult brain contains about 100 billion nerve cells, or neurons, with branches that connect at more than 100 trillion points. Scientists call this dense, branching network a "neuron forest."
The wrinkled surface of the brain is a specialized outer layer of the cerebrum called the cortex. Specific regions of the cortex are strongly linked to certain functions, such as forming and storing memories, controlling voluntary movement, generating thoughts and problem solving, or interpreting sights, sounds and smells from the outside world. The left side of the brain controls movements on the body’s right side, and the right half of the brain controls movement on the body’s left side. In most people, the language area is predominantly on the left.